is used in producing rust resistant and high
speed tool steels. It is an important carbide stabilizer
in making steels.
About 80% of the vanadium now produced is used as
ferrovanadium or as a steel additive. Vanadium foil is
used as a bonding agent in cladding titanium to steel.
Vanadium pentoxide is used in ceramics and as a
Sunc 's Vanadium